Glenview Camp, Company 2318, Camp SCS-7, the only Civilian Conservation Corps camp in York County, was established in Glen Rock on June 26, 1935.
Vincent Quinn, 94, came to the Glen Rock CCC Camp in 1937, from a camp in Montoursville.
"I spent a year there before coming to Glen Rock. We did mostly forestry work there, we fed the deer and we caught copperheads and rattlesnakes for their venom for the hospitals," Quinn said.
Quinn grew up in Freeland, Pa., a town near Hazleton, and after graduating from high school, he could not find a job.
"You were not eligible for the CCC if someone in your family worked at least three days a week. My father worked three days a week, sometimes four, but I could not find work and a family friend helped me get into the CCC," Quinn said.
The CCC was established in 1933 and provided jobs for millions of young men. It was part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, a plan to revitalize the economy and end the Great Depression.
Three million men worked at forest protection and improvements, park development and disaster relief, soil erosion control, wildlife protection and historical restoration. They planted millions of trees, reclaimed millions of acres of land and built parks, bridges, dams and fire trails and other projects that can still be seen today.
"We built bridges and roads, we helped farmers with contour strip cropping, and to prevent erosion we built diversion ditches where water runoff was a big problem and we planted trees," Quinn said.
The men maintained 55 varieties of trees planted on a 35-acre nursery near Glen Rock, one of five operated by Soil Conservation in the northeast.
Like many others, Quinn met and married a local girl and remained in the area.
"I saw her, I thought she was the most beautiful girl I had ever seen and I wondered if she would go out with me. She was the only girl I ever dated and we were married for 71 years," he said.
His wife, Leona Walker
At 19, William Hinton rode the train from York to the Glen Rock camp.
During the 2007 dedication of a historical marker honoring the camp, Hinton said he was the eldest of seven children, their father was unemployed and he saw the CCC camp as a way to help his family. He earned $30 a month, kept $8 for himself, and sent the rest home to his parents.
The CCC, which disbanded June 30, 1942, is seen as one of Roosevelt's most successful programs, and some who were a part of it think it could work today.
"It was the best thing they ever did," Vincent Quinn said.
"I think America needs something like this to take care of our highways and bridges today. It gave young men incentive then, and today it could help get young men off the streets and teach them a skill for life," Hinton said in 2007.
Bob Gladfelter grew up in Glen Rock and took an interest in the CCC camp when he was a young boy.
The men rode through town in big trucks had a youthful vibrancy, and some visited his father's clothing store, he wrote in an email from his home in Florida.
"As a 4-year-old, the CCC camp held much mystique for me," he wrote. "So it was that on a day in the winter of 1939-40, I stepped out of Dad's store, and when I was sure that no one in the family saw me, I headed for the CCC camp. I know I was wearing a
When he arrived at the camp the men showed him around, he checked out the trucks and visited the kitchen, and was invited to come back again.
"I couldn't wait," Gladfelter wrote.
"Meanwhile, back home, my parents were frantic. Many relatives lived in Glen Rock; they were all looking for me. Finally, Mom recalled, she looked out the back window of the house and saw in the distance this little guy in a red snowsuit crossing the railroad tracks. I was on my way home," he wrote.
When the war began, the boys of the CCC left town, the buildings were torn down and by the late 1940s even the company streets were overgrown.
At some point, a local resident created some excitement when he crashed his Piper Cub airplane on the campgrounds, he wrote.
"By my early teens, we had rediscovered the camp as a place for overnight camping. During these outings, we realized that the secluded lanes of the camp were also the choice for young lovers to park their cars and engage in amorous pursuits," Gladfelter wrote.
THE GLEN ROCK HISTORIC PRESERVATION SOCIETY and the Glen Rock American Legion will sponsor a Civilian Conservation Corps Camp Living History 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sept. 16 at the Legion Post, 4035 Manchester St.
Hear about the history of the camp and the duties and life of the men who lived there; talk with re-enactors Vance Sheffer and Jim Sanders, who will be dressed in period clothing; visit tents set up to represent living quarters, officer quarters and a mess tent; and see displays of items related to the camp.
For details, call Lois at 717-428-2394 or John at 717-235-1528.
In case of inclement weather, the event will be re-scheduled for Sept. 23.
The Historic Preservation Society dedicated a historic marker near the camp site on Sept. 16, 2007.
Glen Rock's museum
THE GLEN ROCK HISTORIC PRESERVATION SOCIETY MUSEUM on the second floor of Peoples Bank, 1 Manchester St., is open 2 to 4 p.m. on the second Sunday of each month and 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. on the fourth Tuesday of each month before the society's monthly meeting. Call 717-428-2394 or 717-235-1528 for more
Museum Day Live
HISTORIC WRIGHTSVILLE will participate in Museum Day Live 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sept. 29.
This is an annual event, hosted by Smithsonian magazine, in which participating museums open their doors and offer free admission as a way to encourage people to visit local museums.
There will be visits to The Museum at Wrightsville, at 302 Locust Street and the Diorama at Wrightsville, special displays of photos and artifacts, a blacksmithing demonstration, sidewalk chalk art, antique vehicles, a used book sale, food and a mini walking tour at 1 p.m. at the museum, historian and curator Bonita Emenheiser said.
There might also be quilting, broom making and wood-carving demonstrations, she said.
An antique wagon, built by the Columbia Wagon Works in the late 1800s and used by Kocher Hardware Co. in Wrightsville and Enterprise Nursery, will be on display, said Ken Stoner, president of Historic Wrightsville.
"The wagon was bought at a sale by Ernest Massa, who later gave it to the Lancaster Historical Society. We were able to secure it from them and took it to the Weavertown Coach Company to be restored," Stoner said.
Photos of the step-by-step restoration will also be on display, he said.
THE MUSEUM AT WRIGHTSVILLE is at 302 Locust St., in the former residence of John and Mary Redman.
Built in 1871, it was given to Historic Wrightsville in 1987 and serves as the organization's home.
The first floor of the museum features permanent exhibits on the town's history, including information on the bridges in Wrightsville, as well as rotating exhibits reflecting the different aspects of local history.
The current rotating display highlights products from the Wrightsville Hardware Co.; Wrightsville High School memorabilia; and local baseball equipment, including a 1905 uniform; antique fishing equipment; and photos and postcards of the Susquehanna River bridges and old newspapers, including a copy of The Wrightsville Star from Nov. 29, 1907, and a copy of The York Star from Sept. 13, 1867.
Visitors can follow the history of Wrightsville from the 1720s and the early days of Wright's Ferry to Wrightsville in the 1930s and learn about the bridges of Wrightsville.
There also is a small gift shop, a library of books relating to the Civil War and information on upcoming events and special programs sponsored by Historic Wrightsville.
The Historic Wrightsville Board of Directors meets at 7 p.m. on the fourth Monday of each month, excluding December. The public is invited to attend the meetings, historian Bonita Emenheiser said.
For details, call 717-252-1169 and leave a message.
THE DIORAMA AT WRIGHTSVILLE, in the former post office at 124 Hellam St., is a sound-and-light show that illustrates how local militia and residents of the small town stopped the Confederate army from crossing the Susquehanna River.
"The Civil War had been going on for more than two years, most of it in the south, and the Confederate troops were in need of supplies and they came into Pennsylvania looking for food, horses, shoes and other things," said Ken Stoner, president of Historic Wrightsville.
Confederate troops under Gen. John B. Gordon reached Wrightsville in June 1863, where they planned to cross the Susquehanna River and head for Harrisburg and Philadelphia, Stoner said.
Local militia set up fortifications to stop the rebels and set fire to the Wrightsville-Columbia Bridge, one of the longest covered bridges in the world, he said.
The Confederates demanded buckets to carry water to stop the fire, but were told by the townspeople that the Union troops had taken all the buckets, Stoner said.
"When the fire spread to the lumber yard and some of the homes on Front Street, the buckets were miraculously found and the invaders and the residents worked side-by-side to save the town from being destroyed by fire," he said.
"The following morning, the mayor's daughter made breakfast for the Confederate troops as a way to say thank you. She was called a traitor in Philadelphia," Stoner said.
The story leaves one to wonder what might have happened if the Confederates had been able to cross the river at Wrightsville. Perhaps the Battle of Gettysburg would not have been fought and the Civil War may have had a different ending, he said.
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